RUSSIA and China have revealed plans to build a lunar base ready for crew visits by 2036.

China launches first three-man crew to new space station

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The shared International Lunar Reach Station (ILRS) will expect to have crew on board in 15 years time – a ground-breaking step forward. The ILRS is open to collaboration with other countries. On June 16 both China National Space Administration and Russia’s space industry, Roscosmos, released a guide for partnership.

The partnership guide stressed the importance for international cooperation.

It reads: “With the deepening of exploration, the Moon shows its great potential values in scientific research.

“Many countries have released their own plans for lunar exploration.

“International cooperation in the lunar exploration and utilization is of benefit to better promote the well-being and interests of humankind.”

READ MORE: Elon Musk says ‘new space race has begun’ as Bitcoin races to the Moon

The moon

The shared International Lunar Reach Station will expect to have crew on board in 15 years (Image: Getty)

The construction of the ILRS will be carried out in three phases – reconnaissance, construction and utilisation, with the first stage starting this year.

By 2030, massive-cargo will be delivered and joint operations will begin.

The collaboration was announced at the Global Space Exploration conference in St. Petersburg, Russia, on June 16.

The actual location of the lunar base is unclear and still to be decided.

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Which nations have been to the moon?

Which nations have been to the moon? (Image: Express.co.uk)

The project is unattached to the US lunar base program – the Artemis, where 12 nations have joined in the collaboration.

Just one day before Russia and China announce their lunar endeavours, Brazil became the 12th nation to join the Artemis programme.

The NASA launched programme is gearing up to get the “first woman and first person of colour” on the moon.

However, this is not their only plan as NASA is preparing for “the next giant leap” by sending astronauts to Mars.

The Biden administration has put aside over $6 billion in the budget to keep the Artemis program on track to send the first woman to the moon by 2024.